Jacques Alfred Dextraze
|Born||August 15, 1919|
|Died||May 9, 1993 (aged 73)|
|Service/||Canadian Forces Land Force Command-Canadian Forces|
|Years of service||1940–1977|
|Commands held||Chief of the Defence Staff|
|Battles/wars||Second World War|
|Awards||Companion of the Order of Canada|
Companion of the Order of Military Merit
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Distinguished Service Order & Bar
Knight of the Venerable Order of Saint John
Canadian Forces Decoration
|Spouse(s)||Frances Helena Pare|
|Other work||Chairman of the Canadian National Railways|
Jacques Alfred Dextraze Chief of the Defence Staff of Canada from 1972–1977.(August 15, 1919 – May 9, 1993) was a Canadian military officer who served as
He served in World War II in North West Europe where he was granted command of his regiment in action and was awarded two Distinguished Service Orders. In 1950 he was called back from a civilian career to build, train and command the 2nd Battalion, Royal 22e Régiment, leading it in the Korean War. His battalion won considerable acclaim for its stubborn stand at "Hill 355" when allied troops withdrew, leaving the "Vingt deux" surrounded but unshaken.
In 1962 he was promoted to the rank of Brigadier General.
In 1963 he was the first Canadian to be Chief of Staff of the United Nations Operation in the Congo in Congo (Léopoldville). The military component headquarters, coordinated by Dextraze, was in the process of planning the mission's withdrawal in early 1964 as the Simba rebellion loomed. Dextraze launched a small-scale operation during Pierre Mulele's Kwilu Province uprising of January 1964 in order to save at least some of the threatened aid workers and missionaries under attack from the jeunesse.
He also led missions to rescue a group of Non Governmental Organization personnel, who were hostages of Katangan rebels in the Congo. He was awarded the Commander of the Order of the British Empire for his service. He was one of Canada's most distinguished peacekeeping commanders.
In 1967 he was promoted to Major General and Lieutenant-General in 1968. In 1972, he was promoted to the rank of General and became Chief of Defence Staff of the Canadian Forces for an unusual period of five years.
In 1978 he was made a Companion of the Order of Canada.
Dextraze Pavilion, a dining hall at the Royal Military College Saint-Jean was named in his honour.
In 1942, he married Frances Helena Pare. They had four sons; Richard, Jacques, Robert and John.
His son, Richard Paul Dextraze, was Killed In Action (KIA) in Vietnam on April 23, 1969, where he fought as a Lance Corporal in the United States Marine Corps, and was a posthumous recipient of the Silver Star medal and the Purple Heart. He is interred along with his father in Notre Dame des Neiges Cemetery in Montreal, Quebec.
- Horn, Bernd; Harris, Stephen John (2001-01-01). Warrior Chiefs: Perspectives on Senior Canadian Military Leaders. Dundurn. pp. 310–311. ISBN 9781550023510.
- "'JADEX': General Jacques Alfred Dextraze". Department of National Defence. Archived from the original on December 16, 2012. Retrieved January 16, 2012.
- "Jacques Alfred Dextraze". Historica Heritage Minute. Archived from the original on October 26, 2007. Retrieved July 27, 2008.
- "Jacques Alfred Dextraze". The Canada Veterans Hall of Valour. Retrieved March 27, 2005.
- Bercuson, David J (1999). Blood On The Hills: The Canadian Army In The Korean War. University of Toronto Press.
- Bercuson, David J (2008). The Fighting Canadians; Our Regimental History from New France to Afghanistan. HarperCollins Publishing Ltd.